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The history of the Nice Midday Cannon

nice midday cannon

If you visit Nice in the south of France, it is likely that you will have heard a loud boom at noon.

It occurs every day at precisely 12.00. Most people think nothing of it, but there is a fascinating history to this daily indicator of time. It is a remnant from Victorian days, when a British wife couldn’t remember to go home for lunch when she holidayed in Nice. Margo Lestz looks at the history of the cannon fire that signals noon in Nice…

How the Nice Midday Cannon began

It was 1861, it was lunchtime and Thomas Coventry-More was hungry. This Scottish Lord (let’s call him Tom) and his wife were spending their winter in Nice, as usual, and the missus was late coming home for lunch, as usual.

Every morning she would go out for a stroll, meet other British ladies, and spend hours gossiping about who was doing what on the French Riviera. She often forgot all about having lunch with her poor husband who was sitting at home waiting for her.

Tom was an ex-British army officer and a punctual man. He wanted to eat lunch at the specified hour and not one minute later. But he was also a problem-solver, so he set out to solve this one. He thought about his army experiences and in no time he had a plan. A perfectly simple plan. He went to the Nice city council, since he needed their cooperation, and explained his idea.

nice midday cannonTo make sure they had understood his Scottish accent, they repeated his proposition: “you want us to go to the top of the hill everyday at noon and shoot off a cannon, which will surely frighten our citizens, just to remind your wife to come home for lunch?”

“Yes, that’s it, old chap, you’ve understood perfectly.  Of course, since it is mainly for my benefit, I will pay all of the costs and I even have an old cannon lying around that I will donate for the task.”

The council huddled together to make their decision.

“These English are crazy (to the French all British are English – even if they are Scottish)… Yes, they are crazy, but he is going to pay… It will frighten people at first, but then the Niçois (people of Nice) will get used to it, and it will only frighten tourists.  That could be fun.”

“Well, yes, why not?” they answered.

Tom was quite pleased with himself. “Wonderful!  I will arrange everything and we will start next week.  You have your man up there by 11.45 and the cannon will be fired at 12.00 precisely.

nice midday cannon

All went along very well like this for years, until finally Tom and his wife stopped coming to Nice. Since he was no longer footing the bill for the firing of the cannon, the council stopped doing it. Havoc must have ensued in Nice as by now everyone had become quite used to the noon signal.

Many people were late for lunch, and some even missed it altogether – all because there was no cannon fire to remind them.

Well, this was just not acceptable and the council had to reinstate the midday signal.  Of course, today it is no longer a cannon that we hear, but a firework.  It is still set off manually each day at noon and now the Niçois never miss their lunch. Even if they have grown so used to the midday boom that they hardly notice it, they know it is lunchtime when all the tourists jump.

Margo Lestz lives in Nice, France where she likes to bask in the sunshine, study the French language and blog as thecuriousrambler. Margo says “Life is never boring and I learn something new every day… and there are always surprises”.

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